Periodic Estate: All You Need To Know


The differences between the various types of estates might be bewildering for new tenants and landlords. Therefore, it is important to understand what periodic estate is before going into the agreement.

Periodic estates can provide several advantages, including more flexibility and less paperwork. They do, however, have some disadvantages.

Hence, in this guide, you will learn what a periodic estate is, and the different examples and types of the periodic estate. You will also learn about the risk and rewards of the periodic estate.

What is a Periodic Estate

A periodic estate is an agreement between a tenant and a landlord. It is usually in form of a leasehold arrangement that comes in successive terms and has no due date but can be terminated by one of the parties.

A leasehold estate, as opposed to a freehold estate, is a property that a landlord rents out to tenants. A landlord is someone who owns a piece of property and rents it to a tenant. A tenant is someone who rents a property for a specific length of time.

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A periodic tenancy is often referred to as an estate from year to year Because periodic estate arrangements are the most prevalent. Rental agreements for periodic estates might be week-to-week, month-to-month, or year-to-year. Periodic estates are rental agreements between a landlord and a tenant that are usually informal.

Periodic estates are perfect for people who only need a space for a short period. A periodic tenancy can be beneficial for someone who requires flexibility and must relocate quickly.

Examples of Periodic Estate

The following are some examples of periodic estates:

  • A person’s job necessitates them to travel to other cities regularly. Because of their need for flexibility, the person frequently seeks periodic tenancy in month-to-month rental arrangements.
  • A newlywed couple is constructing a home, but it will not be ready for occupancy for some months. Meanwhile, the couple rents an apartment on a month-to-month basis through a periodic estate. When they are ready to move into their new house, they give the apartment manager a 30-day notice of their intention to do so.
  • A person was staying at their grandparent’s rental property but was asked to leave because they never cleaned the place. The person needs a short-term rental agreement until they can move in with some friends from school. The person finds an apartment close to their newer rental house and asks the owner if they are willing to rent it on a periodic month-to-month. The owner agrees as long as the tenant agrees to give them a two-week notice before leaving.

Periodic Tenancy in Real Estate Definition

A periodic tenancy or estate from period to period is when there is no fixed end date for a lease but there is an agreed-upon duration, such as month-to-month for occupancy. This is a sort of leasehold estate in real estate.

The tenant and the owner or landlord agree to specific rights and obligations for these periods but do not set an end date, hence the tenancy is endless. A notice of termination and vacancy must be given by the agreement because there is no due date.

Periodic Estate in Leasehold Agreements

A leasehold estate agreement is a legal agreement between a property owner and a tenant. It details every aspect of the rental agreement between the two parties, including the lease’s terms and conditions as well as the parties’ rights and responsibilities.

The duration of the rent or lease, the conditions for terminating the agreement, the conditions for renewing the lease, and the cost of the rent must be stated in a tenancy agreement.


Before the lease agreement may take effect, both parties must agree to the document’s terms and sign the contract.

Types of Agreements

There are four different types of leasehold estates.
These are:

  • For year
  • From period to period
  • At will
  • At sufferance

The landlord-tenant leasing agreement will determine the type of leasehold.

#1. Estate for years

Estate for years is a leasing agreement that is arranged for a specific amount of time. To put it another way, this lease agreement has a beginning and an end date. The contract will come to an end when the termination date arrives.

It’s worth noting that, even though this sort of leasehold estate is known as “Years Estate,” the lease duration does not have to be indicated in years.

It makes no difference whether the stated duration is measured in months or days. What matters is that the agreement is for a specific amount of time.

A property owner granting a tenant permission to occupy his property for a term of six months is an example of this.

#2. Estate from period to period

The difference between this sort of leasehold and the term periodic tenancy is that there is no end date.

The lease may have a set length, such as years, months, or even days, but it does not end. Rather, the property’s lease is automatically renewed.
So, how do these lease arrangements come to an end?

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Either party provides the other notice that they want to end the lease. The length of notice required by either the landlord or the renter is usually specified in the contract.

A landlord who allows a renter to rent a property on a month-to-month basis is an example of this.

#3. Estate at will

In terms of the rights reserved between the landlord and the tenant, estate at will is probably the most ambiguous.

This sort of leasehold estate is usually a short-term arrangement in which the landlord allows the tenant to live in his home.

Keep in mind that only the owner and the tenant are engaged in this situation. This indicates that if one of the parties dies, the contract will be canceled.

When a tenant’s parents allow their child to live with them indefinitely, this is an example of this.
While the parents (or lessors) retain ownership of the property, their child is granted the right to live in the leasehold estate.

#4. Estate at sufferance

As a lessor in the real estate business, you never want to hear the expression “estate at sufferance.” When a lessee refuses to leave the estate at the end of their tenancy, this estate arises.

Holdover tenants are tenants who refuse to quit a property after their lease has expired.
Lessors must seek legal methods to successfully evict their holdover tenants to remedy this situation.

It’s also worth noting that holdover tenants are not legally trespassers because the real estate was leased.

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They simply lost their rights to the property they are occupying, and as a result, they must evacuate the premises.

One example is when a renter is unable to pay rent and thereby breaches the lease agreement. If the tenant refuses to vacate the premises, the property becomes a sufferance estate.

Periodic Estate Lease

A periodic estate lease has no set expiration date for the duration of the lease. The landlord and the tenant have agreed that the tenant will be able to stay in the house indefinitely.

They can agree, that if both parties agree, that notice will be given before the agreement is terminated.

Any required notice will be specified in the lease itself, ensuring that each party is aware of the amount of notice required from the start.

Estate of Periodic Tenancy

This is the tenant’s right to possess and use the property for the duration of the rent.

If the rent is paid every month, the tenancy will continue from month to month as long as the tenant wishes to stay and the landlord accepts the payment.

The lease is year-to-year if the renter pays rent on an annual basis for the entire year.

The amount of notice required to end a periodic tenancy in a residential property is defined by consumer protection regulations.

A week-to-week tenancy usually requires 10 days’ notice, while a month-to-month tenancy requires 60 days’ notice.

Risks of Periodic Tenancy for Landlords

These benefits are accompanied by risks. If you’re considering a periodic tenancy, be aware of the following potential pitfalls:

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  • Tenants seeking shorter, more temporary leases are more likely to choose periodic tenancies. If you’re looking for steadiness, you might want to reconsider.
  • Similarly, promoting and verifying possible new tenants to replace shorter-term tenants might be more expensive.
  • If a renter decides to move out abruptly, you won’t have to wait long with notice terms of one month or less. To avoid losing money, you’ll need to fine-tune your end-of-tenancy cleaning and maintenance activities.
  • If your renter vacates the home during a ‘notice to quit period, you may be responsible for paying the property’s council tax. To avoid this, make sure you have a contractual periodic tenancy agreement in place that states that the tenant is responsible for this.

Rewards of a Periodic Tenancy for Landlords

A periodic tenancy can provide several advantages to both the landlord and the tenant, including:

  • Increased flexibility. A periodic tenancy speeds up the process of regaining control of your property because you don’t have to wait until the conclusion of a defined tenure.
  • Attracting tenants. This flexibility is a plus for certain tenants. A periodic lease is appealing if your tenant moves frequently for work or needs to relocate frequently.
  • Reduced agency letting fee. Periodic tenancies can eliminate the requirement for renewals and the associated administrative costs.
  • If for any reason you need to increase the rent, this is made a lot easier by periodic tenancies. Revisions to rent payments can be made much more quickly when operating on a month-by-month basis.
  • If you are having issues with a particular tenant, a periodic tenancy may be in your favor as you are better able to evict problem tenants as a last resort.

Periodic Estates in Real Life

Ben and Angela married shortly after graduating from high school, and Ben enlisted in the Air Force to help support his new family. Ben’s Air Force career lasted two decades, and his small family moved multiple times throughout that period. They eventually had two boys throughout the years.

They had lived in four different states and three different countries by the time Ben retired. However, They needed a place to stay for a few months while they waited for housing on the military post to become available.

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A periodic estate was the ideal answer for Ben and Emma. They were able to find apartments or houses to rent on a month-to-month basis.

Who Is Called An Estate?

An estate is everything that makes up a person’s net worth, including all land and real estate, possessions, financial securities, cash, and other assets that the person owns or controls.

What Is A Period To Period Estate?

A period-to-period estate is one that lasts for the length of time specified by the landlord and tenant in their agreement (usually year to year, month to month, or week to week).

How Can A Lease Be Created?

There is no laid out procedure, except that a lease lasting more than three years must be created in writing (by deed)-Section 3 Statutes of Frauds.


A leasehold estate is any property, building, or unit inside a building that can be leased. The type of leasehold property you require is determined by your objectives.

Understanding what a leasehold agreement is and how it affects the real estate you buy or sell is critical. Real estate can be either residential or commercial.

Now that you have a greater knowledge of the phrase, you may buy and sell real estate with more confidence.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a periodic tenancy?

A periodic tenancy lasts for a set amount of time, such as weekly, monthly, quarterly, or yearly. It’s also known as a ‘rolling contract’ because it rolls from one period to the next.

What is the most common form of ownership periodic estate?

The month-to-month lease is the most common type of periodic tenancy, and it can exist without any written agreement. State law establishes what constitutes proper notice.

Is a periodic tenancy good?

A periodic tenancy is far more flexible than a fixed-term tenancy, especially if the rent is every month. There is a far shorter notice time and no need to wait until the term ends for either party to end the connection. It also eliminates the necessity for a tenancy agreement renegotiation.

Is periodic tenancy better?

A periodic tenancy arrangement, unlike a fixed-term tenancy, has no expiration date. This means it will continue until one of the parties gives notice under the Residential Tenancies Act.



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