If you’re in the market for a new home, there are a few things to keep an eye out for. Before the 1980s, asbestos was used in many building materials. It is one of the most dangerous. Getting a home inspection to check for asbestos is a good idea when looking at older homes. The seller of a house is not always required to tell you if it has asbestos, and if it does, your family’s health may be at risk. Let’s take a look at the cost of a home asbestos inspection and talk about the asbestos inspection training report.
What is an Asbestos Inspection?
An asbestos inspection is when a person looks for the existence or location of asbestos-containing material (ACM) or suspected ACM in a structure or facility. ACM is defined as any substance containing more than 1% asbestos. Suspected ACM is material that is suspected of containing asbestos but has not been sampled and evaluated for asbestos content. A part of an asbestos inspection is rechecking a building or facility to see if there is more ACM or suspected ACM or to find out where it is.
Do I Need an Asbestos Inspection?
Government agencies like the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) were worried about the use of asbestos. By the 1980s, most companies had either stopped using asbestos or cut back on how much they used it.
Even though asbestos is harmful to health and is toxic, the United States has not made it illegal. However, it is heavily controlled. However, not all countries have outlawed it. A home builder who uses imported materials (usually to save money) may be using asbestos-containing items.
If your home was built in 1990 or later, the odds of asbestos being present are extremely minimal. However, it is still possible because not all governments have prohibited it. But if you own a home built before 1990 or are thinking about buying one, you should have it checked for asbestos for your peace of mind.
Asbestos Inspection Cost
A home asbestos inspection will typically cost between $228 and $797. The actual price range is substantially wider, ranging from $90 to $2,000. The average nationwide cost of a home asbestos inspection is $488. The final cost of an asbestos inspection of a home will depend on where it is, how big it is, and how hard it is.
Asbestos Survey Cost
A survey, which is another name for an asbestos inspection, will cost between $200 and $800. This will determine whether or not the property contains asbestos. It is frequently utilized before engaging a professional asbestos removal firm.
The following items are included in the home asbestos inspection:
- Examine the home for prevalent risk factors
- Collecting samples from high-risk areas, such as insulation, walls, and roofing.
- Submitting the samples for laboratory testing
- Creating and reporting on laboratory findings
The final inspection report will confirm or deny the existence of asbestos. In the report, there will be information about where any asbestos was found during the inspection.
Asbestos Air Testing Cost
Asbestos particles in the air can also be tested. This will notify you if there are asbestos fibers in the air, which are dangerous to your health. The typical cost is $500, however, it can range from $200 to $800. This is about the same price as a test of the air quality inside, which could include testing for asbestos.
Asbestos Refurbishment or Demolition Survey
An asbestos renovation or demolition survey must be done before a building can be completely or partially torn down. This is done to make sure that no asbestos fibers get into the air while the building is being torn down.
For an average of $1,200, a professional asbestos inspector will complete a renovation or demolition survey.
Asbestos Assessment During a Home Inspection
If you are buying an older home or simply want the peace of mind that your home is asbestos-free, you can have an asbestos inspection performed as part of your home inspection. There are two approaches to this.
- Hire a separate asbestos inspector from your home inspection. The typical cost will range between $200 and $800.
- Engage in the services of an asbestos-certified home inspector. They can include an asbestos inspection for an additional price of approximately $330.
If you choose the second option, keep in mind that home inspectors will not be allowed to scrape or take samples without the approval of the present owners.
Asbestos Inspection Training
Asbestos inspection training is required by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Asbestos Model Accreditation Plan (MAP) for people who work with asbestos. When undertaking asbestos work activities in schools, public buildings, and commercial buildings, the MAP requires the use of accredited asbestos professionals. It advises states on the minimum asbestos inspection training requirements for the asbestos certificates listed below.
Training Required by Law
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires employers to set up and enforce a worker training program for employees who are measured or expected to be exposed to fiber levels at or above the permissible exposure limit (0.1 fibers per cubic centimeter (f/cc) as an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA)) and the excursion limit (1.0 f/cc as a 30-minute TWA). This asbestos inspection training program has an initial training period and annual refresher training. The length of the initial training period depends on the type of work the employee does.
According to EPA regulations governing schools, all school staff custodial and maintenance personnel who conduct any tasks that may result in the disruption of asbestos-containing building material (ACBM) must obtain 16 hours of O&M training.
Some states and cities may have extra inspection training requirements for people who work in buildings with asbestos-containing materials (ACM) or who may be exposed to asbestos.
Types of Asbestos Inspection Training
The EPA laws that govern schools include the following as an example of the different kinds of maintenance worker training:
Type 1: Awareness Training
This training is for maintenance and cleaning staff who clean and do minor maintenance in areas where ACM could be accidentally moved.
Topics covered in a two-hour Asbestos Awareness Training may include:
- Asbestos background facts
- Asbestos’s Health Effects
- Worker safety programs
- ACM location in the building
- Recognition of ACM damage and deterioration
- The building’s operation and maintenance program.
Type 2: Special Operations and Maintenance Training
This training is designed for maintenance and custodial employees who are responsible for general maintenance and asbestos-containing material repair operations.
For instance, the job could entail repairing or replacing a small part of damaged thermal system insulation or installing an electrical conduit in an air plenum containing ACM or ACM debris. This asbestos inspection training is usually at least 14 hours long. Special O&M training typically includes in-depth explanations of the topics covered in Type 1 training, as well as:
- Asbestos restrictions at the federal, state, and local levels
- Adherence to asbestos-related work practices
- Descriptions of proper ACM handling practices, including waste handling and disposal
- Respirator use, maintenance, and fit testing
- Protective clothing donning, use, and handling
Type 3: Abatement Worker Training
This training is intended for workers who may be involved in asbestos abatement activities.
This work requires direct, deliberate engagement with ACM. When conducting asbestos inspection and corrective-action activities at schools, and public and commercial buildings, the Asbestos Model Accreditation Plan (MAP) (PDF) training courses approved by the EPA or a state with an EPA-approved MAP require the use of trained and accredited asbestos professionals. It advises states on the training requirements for asbestos control experts.
These training courses last between 32 and 40 hours. This form of training is significantly more detailed than Types 1 and 2, while many of the same aspects should be included. Abatement worker training often covers a wide range of specialist topics, including:
- Work activities before asbestos abatement
- Setting up the workspace
- Putting in place decontamination units
- Personal protection, including the selection and use of respirators, fit-testing, and protective gear
- Worker decontamination procedures
Who Should Conduct Asbestos Inspection Training
If the asbestos program manager (APM) has appropriate specialist asbestos expertise and training, he or she may consider administering the Types 1 and 2 training program. If the APM does not conduct the training, the building owner should seek an independent expert or send employees to an O&M training course.
The training on respirator use and fit-testing should be conducted by a trained industrial hygienist or a trained and accredited asbestos professional. A health professional should conduct health effects training. Type 3 training must be provided by an entity whose training course(s) have been certified by the EPA or by a state having an EPA-approved MAP.
Asbestos Inspection Report
An Asbestos Inspection Report (AIR) is necessary when asking for a permit for demolition or renovation that will cost more than $50,000. Only a trained Asbestos Investigator may complete the Asbestos Inspection Report. AIRs are reports that are particular to a school or project and detail the asbestos-containing building elements that must be abated before construction/demolition.
What should an Asbestos Inspection and Assessment Report include?
The written report must be submitted to the individual who requested the inspection. The following information is included in an asbestos inspection report:
- determined the presence, location, and volume of all asbestos-containing materials in the workplace;
- the state of each homogenous substance known or suspected of containing asbestos;
- recognized asbestos-containing material locations are suitably established and delimited, with restricted access;
- All asbestos-containing materials in employees’ work zones have been identified;
- use of engineering measures to restrict employee asbestos exposure to the lowest possible level
- sign off on a certified inspector’s signature with an inspection timestamp.
All NESHAP rehabilitation and demolition notices filed to the department or local agencies should include completed copies of asbestos inspection results.
Importance of Asbestos Inspection
Employers are expected to have the workplace inspected for health risks and to notify and protect their employees from them, including the risk of exposure to asbestos, one of the leading causes of work-related death and disability.
In the United Kingdom alone, 2,595 persons died from mesothelioma caused by asbestos exposure (2017). There are around 125 million individuals worldwide who are exposed to asbestos in the workplace, and despite state rules (US, UK, AU) that limit or prohibit the use of asbestos, there are millions of fatalities and disabilities caused by exposure.
Failure to do an asbestos building inspection, as well as adequately advise and safeguard employees against asbestos exposure, can result in work-related deaths and illnesses, as well as costly settlements and penalties for noncompliance.
How do you check for asbestos?
Because it is exceedingly difficult to detect asbestos simply by looking at it, you must send samples to a lab for testing. Homeowners can collect and test samples, but it is safer for you and your family to hire a skilled asbestos professional to do the work.
What does 1% asbestos mean?
If the concentration of asbestos in a substance is less than 1%, it is considered to have trace quantities of asbestos.
Is asbestos a deal breaker?
No. If asbestos is discovered during a home inspection, it is not a deal breaker, especially since asbestos can still be found in materials today (albeit in small and trace amounts). You simply need to get it removed or encased.
How many asbestos samples to take?
At least two samples must be collected. According to 40 CFR section 763.86(c), “an accredited inspector shall take bulk samples [plural] from any homogeneous region of friable miscellaneous material that is not assumed to contain asbestos.”
How long do you have to be exposed to asbestos for it to affect you?
Asbestos diseases have a latency period of 10 to 40 years. The latency period is the interval between when you breathe asbestos and when you begin to feel ill.
Can you test yourself for asbestos exposure?
No, it does not. There is no routine test for asbestos exposure to test for linked health concerns; however, there are numerous screening methods that can assist your doctor to determine whether you are at risk.
When purchasing a home, it is important to check for asbestos. When particles and fibers from asbestos in dwellings are discharged into the air, they have been demonstrated to have negative health impacts. However, this does not preclude you from considering a home that contains asbestos. Instead, get professional advice on the potential threat and have the asbestos securely removed if it is discovered to be dangerous.
Frequently Asked Questions
Do you have to declare asbestos when selling a house?
Not really, albeit if you are already aware of its presence, you must disclose it. The Property Misdescriptions Act of 2013 makes it an offense to suppress such information, and failure to comply with the law may result in the transaction being invalidated and prosecution.
Should I buy an old house with asbestos?
The main line is those home buyers should be aware of the presence of asbestos in the properties they are considering purchasing, but they should not rule out a home because it contains asbestos products. You should not be concerned about toxic asbestos exposure as long as the asbestos is not damaged or handled by a professional.
Does asbestos affect mortgage?
Applying for a mortgage with a lender who does not accept properties containing asbestos will result in a rejection, which will appear on your credit report. This could jeopardize your ability to obtain a mortgage in the future.